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发表于 7 天前 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Tulku Thondup Rinpoche东珠仁波切 撰
华丹 译

The famedDodrupchen Monastery is situated in the Tsang-chen field in the Do valley ofBaima County in Golok District, Qinghai State. It is one of the most importantlearning institutions of the Nyingmapa school of Tibetan Buddhism, specializingin Longchen Nyingthig teachings.
Around the13th century AD, the Tsang-chen field was home to a monastery of the Sakyatradition known as Deur Choje Gonpa. Due to a Mongol invasion, however, most ofthe monks of Choje Gonpa migrated to the Amdo area; the rest gradually becamefollowers of the Nyingma tradition. In the 18th century, the First DodrupchenRinpoche built some retreat houses in Tsang-chen field. Later, the SecondDodrupchen moved his monastery from Ser valley to the Tsang-chen field, and itbecame known as Dodrupchen Monastery. During the time of the Third Dodrupchenit became a great institution of scholarship. The two Fourth Dodrupchensgreatly extended its Dharma activities. Today, Dodrupchen Monastery is underreconstruction and restoration.
The FirstDodrupchen, Jigmed Thrinle Odzer (1745-1821) was born among the Puchung tribeof Do valley. His root teacher was Jigmed Lingpa (1729-1798), who discoveredthe cycle of Longchen Nyingthig teachings as "hidden treasures"(Tib., gTer or gTer-ma), mystical revelations taught and concealed by GuruRinpoche. In Lama Gongdu, Dodrupchen was prophesized by Guru Rinpoche(Padmasambhava), saying:
  In the east there will come a person named Odzer,
  Endowed with strong devotion, extraordinaryactions, powerful mind,
  and full of wisdom.
  He will uphold the discovered heart treasureteachings
  And propagate them with the support of manyfortunate people.
JigmedLingpa recognized Dodrupchen as the incarnation of Divine Prince Murum Tsanpo,a son of King Thrisong Deutsan (790-858) and disciple of Guru Rinpoche. GuruRinpoche prophesized that the incarnation of Prince Murum Tsanpo would be oneof four principle Doctrine Holders of Longchen Nyingthig. In the NadchangThugkyi Drombu he said: "By the incarnations of Namkhe Nyingpo, Nyang,Chog-yang, and the Divine Prince - the door of the teachings will be opened."
Dodrupchenmeditated for many years in various mountain caves; he discovered volumes of"hidden teachings," entitled Damcho Dechen Lamchog; he remembered hispast life when he was the great Terton Sangye Lingpa (1340-1396); he walked onthe Yangtze river as if it were earth; he drew images and mantras on rocks withhis fingers as if on mud; he drew water from dry fields and rocks; he stoppedepidemics and plagues by ceremonies; and he gave volumes of prophesies aboutthe future with clarity and accuracy. At the request of the Government, heperformed ceremonies to repel the invading Gurkha forces of Nepal. Great signsof power were exhibited and his prophesies that there was nothing to fearproved true. Thereafter, he became known as Dodrupchen, which means the GreatSage of the Do valley. More importantly, he taught Buddhism and especiallyLongchen Nyingthig all over the Golok, Kham, and Amdo areas and producednumerous accomplished disciples.
Among hismain disciples were, Jigmed Gyalwe Nyugu (1765-1843), Choying Topdan Dorje(1785/6-1848), Dola (Dege) Jigme Kalzang (1784-?), Fourth Dzogchen Rinpoche(1793-?), Do Khyentse Yeshe Dorje (1800-1866), Gyalse Zhanphan Thaye (1800-?)and Khyunglung Repa Damtshig Dorje. Among his disciples were, Arig Geshe ChampaGeleg Gyaltsan (1727-1803), Second Dzogchen Ponlop (1731-1805), First GyarongNamtul (1744-?), Sogpo Chogyal Ngawang Dargye (1740/59-1807), Sogpo TantarLharampa (1759-?), First Zhechen Gyaltsap (1760-?), Kathog Getse Gyurme TsewangChogtrup (1763/4-1818), Changlung Palchen Namkha Jigmed (1757-1821), ThirdZhechen Rabjam (1770-1809), Chakla Khanchen Gyalse Padma Thegchog (d. 1849),First Kathog Situ Chokyi Senge, Dakini Losal Dolma (1802-1861), Third DzogchenPonlop (1806-1821), Gon Lakhe Drupwang Namkha Gyatsho (1788-1849), TrupwangThatral Dorje, Terton Natshog Rangtrol (1796-1861), Ngadag Yeshe Gyatso,Kyilung Thugchog Dorje, Dege Queen-Regent Tsewang Lhamo, Dege King TsewangDorje Rigdzin (1786-1847) and Tsakho King Tsewang Lhundrup (d.1825).
He builtShugchen Tago Monastery in Do valley, where he stayed for some time, meditationhouses in Tsang-chen field of Do valley, Dza-gya Monastery, which he built withJigmed Gyalwe Nyugu and Ogmin Rigdzin Phalgye Ling at Getse-tod (both are inDza-chu-kha valley). Finally, in 1809, he built Yarlung monastery in Ser valleywhere he spent the rest of his life teaching and writing.
The SecondDodrupchen, Jigme Phuntsok Jungne (1824-1863) was born among the Puchung tribein Do valley and enthroned at Yarlung monastery. His life was filled withmiracles and clairvoyance. He moved his monastery to the Tsang-chen field inthe Do valley. Since then it has been the main seat of the Dodrupchen lineage,and became known as Dodrupchen monastery.
The ThirdDodrupchen Rinpoche, Jigme Tanpe Nyima (1865-1926) was born in Mar valley asthe eldest son of the famous Terchen Dudjom Lingpa (1835-1903).
At therequest of his teacher Paltul Rinpoche, Dodrupchen, when he was just 7 or 8years old, gave a lecture on the Bodhicharyavatara to a huge assembly,surprising everyone. He taught for a number of years at Dodrupchen Monasterywithout a break. Then for health reasons, he went to live in seclusion in thehermitage of Dodrupchen Monastery, and devoted himself to meditation andcomposing scholarly texts. Among his 7 volumes of writings are The Expositionof Memory, which is known as an unique work, was praised by the 13th DalaiLama, who said, "Today an author of this caliber is very rare in thisland," and the Commentaries on Guhyagarbha-tantra, which clarified theunique views of Nyingma tantras. Some well-known non-Nyingmapa scholars saidthat this text made them understand the profundity of Nyingma views.
ThoughDodrupchen Rinpoche remained in seclusion, under the skilled administration ofTulku Pema Dorje and the tutelage of four famous Khanpos, Dodrupchen monasterybecome a most famous sanctuary for learning Buddhism. Those four Great Khanposwere, Sershul Khanpo Ngawang Kun-ga, Garwa Khanpo Jigmed Odsal (d.1926), Amye KhanpoTamcho Odzer, and Lushul Khanpo Konchog Dronme (1859-1936).


 楼主| 发表于 7 天前 | 显示全部楼层
Two FourthDodrupchen Rinpoches: Two Fourth Dodrupchen Rinpoches lived concurrently atDodrupchen Monastery.
KyabjeRigdzin Tanpe Gyaltsan Rinpoche(1927-1961) was born among the Wang-da tribe inMar valley. He was also known as the reincarnation of Do Khyentse. He had themarks of letters -- Ha, Ri, Nri, and Sa, -- at his heart, which was a signgiven in a "hidden treasure" prophesy:
  The manifestation of the Lord Padma(sambhava)named Pawo
  Will tame beings with his esoteric disciplines.
  At his heart, Ha, Ri, Ni, and Sa letters will be clearlyvisible.
  Whoever is connected with him will be freed frominferior births.
RigdzinTanpe Gyaltsan discovered a number of teachings as "hiddentreasures." He established an elaborate annual Tenth Day Ceremony (Tib.,Tshes-bChu) lasting 8 days with magnificent religious dances and performances.He built a Science College (Tib., Rig gNas sLob Grva) for studying language,calligraphy, ritual, medicine, and astrology and provided free medicaltreatments. He produced and sponsored annual theatrical performances (Tib.,bZlos Gar or rNam Thar) of many plays.
仁增丹贝嘉参发掘出一些德玛(伏藏)法门,他开创了一年一度为期八天、包括隆重的金刚舞蹈和表演的精美初十(荟供)法会(Tshes-bChu)。他成立了学习语言、书法、仪式、医药和占卜等的五明佛学院,并提供免费的医药治疗。他制作并资助了许多年度藏戏(bZlos Gar or rNam Thar)演出。
Heparticularly cared for the monastery's poor young monks and lived and ate withthem. He displayed numerous miracles: He made religious objects move and shakeby the mere focus of his mind; from even small amounts of food he producedinexhaustible feasts; he extracted nectar from ceremonial offerings; many timeshe healed wounds as if they were illusions; he made many foot, hand, and bodyprints on rocks as if in mud; and he was able to read peoples' minds. Heforesaw the oncoming situation, but instead of escaping, deliberately stayedwith his disciples, went to prison, and died at the age of 34.
KyabjeThuptan Thrinle Palzang Rinpoche (1927-) was born in Tsi village in lower Servalley.
怙主土登成利华桑仁波切(1927-  )诞生于下色尔坝的茨村庄。
Before andafter his birth continuous miracles were exhibited. Unfamiliar flowers coveredthe mud roof of his parents' home; rainbow lights were daily events. When hispregnant mother entered a dark room, an mysterious light would illumineeverything. He would recite prayers he had never been taught, climbed throughroofs without hindrance, and recognized the students of his previousincarnation.
Soon afterhis enthronement at Dodrupchen Monastery at age 4, he recited Guru Rinpoche'sprayer and laughed. He picked up a text written by the First Dodrupchen andread many lines of it. He described Zangdog Palri Pure Land as he rememberedit. Pointing to the hermitage of his previous life, he correctly insisted,"There is my house!" One night, when he was just 4 or 5, instead offalling sleep, he kept reciting some amazing unknown lines. His attendantstried to write them down. Some of the lines read:
  I am inseparable from enlightenment,
  The unchanging Vajra-wisdom.
  In the vajra-womb [source] of (all the) male andfemale yogis,
  I have become the realization of the Great Bliss.
  In the ultimate sphere of the unchanging vajra,
  I praise the essential quality and also thevajra-protectors.
  I am the Vajra-Master, and
  I have achieved the Great Bliss.
However,he would stop performing miracles, saying he opposed doing so. When he was 19,he became the head of the monastery. He built a Scripture College (Tib., bShadGrva) for the study scholarly Buddhist texts, which became an importantlearning institution that produced numerous scholars.
然而(后来)他不再示现神变,说他反对这样做。十九岁时,他成为寺院的负责人。他建造了一座讲经院(bShad Grva)以便学习佛教经论,它成为一处重要的修学中心,培育出为数众多的智者。
In 1957,at age 30, without giving any indication about what would happen to themonastery, he left with a few companions and eventually reached the Valley ofRice (Sikkim), a land blessed by Guru Rinpoche as a "hidden land." Aprophesy of Ogyen Thrinle Lingpa (d. 1945) had come true:
  A hidden yogi from the valley of Kongpo
  Will come to the Valley of Rice [Sikkim] when(political) changes take place.
  And an incarnation of (Prince) Murum Tsanpo andSangye Lingpa
  Will demonstrate the esoteric activities of atantric yogi.
  People who see, hear, think of, or touch him willbe liberated from the inferior realms.
Rinpocherepeatedly visited many countries to propagate the Dharma. He founded manymonasteries, centers, meditation schools, and religious monuments in India,Nepal, Bhutan, and the USA. However, Chorten Gonpa in Sikkim remained hisprincipal seat abroad, with over 500 monks. In Sikkim, he recently supervisedthe building of a 120 feet high statue of Guru Rinpoche.
Rinpochewrote or compiled many liturgical texts of Longchen Nyingthig and Lama Gongdu.He designed and published complete mandalas and tsaklis for initiations intoLongchen Nyingthig, Kama, and Rinchen Terdzod. He published Longchen Dzoddun,Ngalso Korsum, Nine Volumes of Jigmed Lingpa, the Third Dodrupchen's Writings,and many more, at a time when publishing had no commercial value.
Since1984, Rinpoche has visited his Dodrupchen Monastery in Golok many times,offering full support in its reconstruction and restoration.
The FifthDodrupchen, Jigmed Long-yang Rinpoche (1962-) was born among the Risarma tribein Do valley. He was recognized as the reincarnation of Dodrupchen RigdzinTanpe Gyaltsan by Tulku Wangchen Nyima, and confirmed to be such by DodrupchenThuptan Thrinle Palzang, with the approval of regional officials. Since thelate 1980s, Long-yang Rinpoche has been dedicating his whole life to rebuildingthe monastery. The reconstruction of many parts of the monastery has beencompleted with great success. But a large number of projects still remain to bedone.
第五世多智钦•晋美龙洋仁波切(1962-  )诞生于色达嘉秀部落,他被珠古旺钦尼玛认定为多智钦•仁增丹贝嘉参的转世,并得到了多智钦•晋美成利华桑的确认,以及当地官方的批准。自1980年代后期开始,龙洋仁波切全身心地投入多智钦寺的重建,寺院的许多部分的重建工作都已圆满完成,但仍有很多工程有待完成。
Today,Dodrupchen Monastery has: (1) a Monastery, with about 150-200 monks, (2) aScripture College (bShad Grva) with 30-rooms and 30 monks, (3) a MeditationSchool (sGrub Grva) with 8 monks, (4) 3 Temples (Lha Khang or 'Du Khang), (5)160 monks' residential houses (Grva Khang), (6) 12 big and small stupas (mCh'odrTen), (7) 100 young students in a School, (8) a Medical Clinic, (9) a guest housewith 80 rooms. Dodrupchen Monastery also has many branch monasteries in Golok,Dzika Valley, Ser Valley, Throkho, Rekong, Gyarong, Amdo and Mi-nyag areas. Itadditionally has monasteries or centers in India, Nepal, Bhutan, and the USA.
  二、有30个房间和30名出家僧人的讲经院(bShad Grva);
  三、有8名出家僧人的实修院(sGrub Grva);
  四、三座经堂(Lha Khang or ‘Du Khang);
  五、可容纳160名出家男众的僧寮(Grva Khang);
  六、12座大大小小的佛塔(mCh'od rTe) ;
Themonastery is still needs to rebuild: (1) The Zangdog Palri temple, (2) aLibrary with books, and (3) a Monastic Theater (bZlos-Gar or rNam-Thar).
  三、藏戏剧院(bZlos-Gar or rNam-Thar)。
Any kindof financial or labor support, participation in studies or practices at themonastery will help bring our famous Dodrupchen Monastery back to its originalstandard.

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